STAGE Three-body interactions in coupled two-component condensates: Townes solitons and integrability breaking

Date de mise à jour de l’offre

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) IDF Villejuif :

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Description de la mission

Ultracold quantum gases are model quantum many-body systems because of the simplicity of the
interactions that are dominantly happening as two-body collisions which can be accurately described by
contact interactions. Due to the diluteness of the gas, three-body interactions are usually negligible. In this
context, our group is experienced in the production of potassium 39 Bose-Einstein condensates in a few
seconds and in the control of the scattering length which characterizes two-body interactions.
Recently, we have demonstrated an innovating method to introduce three-body interactions in Bose-Einstein
condensates together with the possibility to reduce the two-body interactions (PRL 128, 083401 (2022)). In
this novel regime, three-body interactions can play a dominant role in the condensate dynamics. We have
for example observed the collapse of the Bose-Einstein condensate induced by these interactions. More
precisely the method is based on a condensate in a dressed state composed of two spin states that are
coherently coupled through a radio-frequency. Importantly, potassium 39 offers the possibility to tune both
the intra-spin and the inter-spin scattering lengths to different values for the method to work.
In one-dimensional configuration, three-body energy per particle scales as 1/r2, where r is the condensate
size. Since this scaling is the same as the kinetic energy term, the mean-field description of the condensate
with pure three-body interaction is scale invariant and from one solution, one can find other solutions with
different sizes. For attractive three-body interactions, a predicted family of solutions is composed of solitons
(self-trapped solutions) that occurs only for a given atom number. For higher atom numbers, the condensate
collapses whereas for low atom numbers, it expands. These solitons have similar properties as Townes
solitons that were recently observed for two-body attractive interactions in 2D (PRL 127, 023603 (2021)). The
creation and study of this new type of solitons could be the goal of a M2 internship.
Consequences of three-body interactions in Bose-Einstein condensate could be further studied in the context
of a PhD thesis. In particular, the 1D Bose gas with pure two-body interactions have integrable dynamics
(meaning that it does not thermalize, due to numerous conserved quantities) that is a subject of on-going
research. Adding three-body interactions in a controlled way, we will study the progressive breaking of th

Profil recherché

Master student

Niveau de qualification requis

Bac + 4/5 et +
  • Employeur
    Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) IDF Villejuif
  • Secteur d’activité de la structure
    Enseignement - Formation - Recherche
  • Effectif de la structure
    Plus de 250 salariés
  • Type de stage ou contrat
    Stage pour lycéens et étudiants en formation initiale
  • Date prévisionnelle de démarrage
  • Durée du stage ou contrat
    Plus de 2 mois et jusqu'à 4 mois
  • Le stage est-il rémunéré ?
    Oui
  • Niveau de qualification requis

    Bac + 4/5 et +
  • Lieu du stage
    Institut d’optique graduate school
    2 av. A. Fresnel
    91120 PALAISEAU
  • Accès et transports
    RATP, Bus (https://www.ratp.fr/)