STAGE Revealing topological helical edge states in the second order topological insulator BiBr

Date de mise à jour de l’offre

Laboratoire de Physique des Solides :

Le Laboratoire de Physique des Solides est une unité mixte de recherche (UMR 8502) de l’Université Paris-Saclay et du CNRS. Il est principalement affilié à l’Institut de Physique du CNRS et à la 28e section du Conseil National des Universités. Il regroupe une centaine de chercheurs et enseignants-chercheurs, expérimentateurs et théoriciens, et l’activité de recherche est soutenue par une soixantaine d’ingénieurs, techniciens et administratifs.

Description de la mission

Scientific project: One of the greatest recent achievement in Condensed matter physics is the discovery of a new class of materials, Topological Insulators (TI), whose bulk is insulating, while the edges conduct current in a quasi-ideal way. In particular, the 1D edges of 2DTI realize the Quantum Spin Hall state, where current is carried dissipationlessly by two counter-propagating ballistic edge states with a spin orientation locked to that of the propagation direction (a helical edge state). This opens many possibilities, ranging from dissipationless charge and spin transport at room temperature to new avenues for quantum computing. We are investigating charge and spin currents in a newly discovered class of TIs, Second Order Topological Insulators (SOTIs), which are three-dimensional crystals with insulating bulk and surfaces, but perfectly conducting (topologically protected) one-dimensional helical “hinge states. Bismuth was recently shown to belong to this class of materials, thanks in part to the intriguing behaviour we had detected in bismuth nanowires connected to superconducting electrodes. However, because Bi is a semimetal, topological states were shown to coexist with non-topological ones.
Recently, other materials were proposed as possible members of this topological family. Among them Bi4Br4 is particularly interesting because, in contrast to bismuth, its bulk is a good insulator.
We propose during this internship to explore the possible hinge states in this new material using experimental techniques we have developed to reveal hinge states in bismuth. Our goal is to reveal, characterize and exploit the unique properties of these 1D states, in particular the high velocity, ballistic, and dissipationless hinge currents. The superconducting proximity effect and quantum interferences induced by a magnetic field will be used to reveal the spatial distribution of conduction paths, and to test their ballisticity as well as their spatial transverse extension.
Methods and techniques:

Profil recherché

M2

Niveau de qualification requis

Bac + 4/5 et +
  • Employeur
    Laboratoire de Physique des Solides
  • Secteur d’activité de la structure
    Enseignement - Formation - Recherche
  • Effectif de la structure
    De 51 à 250 salariés
  • Type de stage ou contrat
    Stage pour lycéens et étudiants en formation initiale
  • Date prévisionnelle de démarrage
  • Durée du stage ou contrat
    Plus de 4 mois et jusqu'à 6 mois
  • Le stage est-il rémunéré ?
    Oui
  • Niveau de qualification requis

    Bac + 4/5 et +
  • Lieu du stage
    Bâtiment 510, Université Paris Saclay,
    91405 ORSAY
  • Accès et transports
    bus